Phaedrus Latin Contest
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Guidelines

The fable should be as much like a Greek or Roman fable as possible. Keep the following in mind:

  1. A fable is a short fictional story that teaches a lesson or has a moral. Many times fables teach how the world works rather than how one should behave. Frequently, the moral or lesson is stated explicitly at the beginning or at the end of the fable. Sometimes, the lesson is implicit and it is only stated whom the lesson applies to (e.g., This fable is written to the greedy).
  2. The characters of a fable may be people, gods, animals, plants, or even inanimate objects.
  3. When animals, plants, or objects are in a fable, they think and speak like humans. But even though such characters think and speak like humans, they still behave like animals, plants, or objects. For example, a fox in a fable might try to steal a piece of cheese from a raven, but a fox in a fable would never be driving a car (or chariot) to work.
  4. The type of animal, plant, or object chosen for a character should be appropriate for the part. For instance, a lion should be noble or powerful, a fox clever, and a peacock proud. But there is no requirement to choose traditional stock fable characters, as long as they fit well.
  5. The fable should only use Latin words that are listed in Smith’s English-Latin Dictionary.
  6. The fable should only employ grammatical constructions that are recommended in Bradley’s Arnold Latin Prose Composition.
  7. The fable should be easy to understand.
  8. The fable should employ Latin word order and style rather than English.